According to the Government of NWFP, around 59% of the province’s rural population has access to relatively clean water, whereas access to hygienically safe sanitation is claimed to be around 30%. However, many experts believe that the actual figures are more modest. Majority of the rural areas in swat district have no access to clean and safe drinking water. The communities mostly use unprotected dug wells at the household level. The communities complain about poor water quality (in terms of taste) and insufficient quantity of water presently available to them.
Only few families use pour flush latrines with septic tanks in their homes. Due to non-availability of latrine facilities, the male members are compelled to practice open defecation, whereas females and children use existing household premises for open defecation. Personal and environmental hygiene conditions in the areas are found in poor shape. Most of the people have very few means to take care of their personal and environmental hygiene because they use unprotected water for drinking. Communities do not have adequate knowledge about health and hygiene issues and complain about stomach and skin diseases.