Majority of the communities in rural KPK attribute their problems to lack of livelihood opportunities. The main sources of livelihoods of the communities are agriculture and livestock especially among womenfolk. People lack skills in natural resource management, agriculture and small enterprises. They also lack access to required investment to start and manage small-scale enterprises through manipulating natural resources and enterprises at community level and are unable to earn enough living. It has resulted in poverty that affects their capacity to address issues relate to health, education, economic development and human rights discrimination. The heavy flood of 2010 further exacerbated the state of natural environment and resources in these areas by damaging irrigation channels, water harvesting and conservation methods at the village level.